1. Authoritarian Personality Syndrome
" Authoritarianism refers to the advocacy or enforcement of strict
obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom, and is
commonly associated with a lack of concern for the opinions or needs of
2. Social dominance orientation
"Social dominance orientation (SDO)—which is distinct but related to authoritarian personality syndrome—refers to people who have a preference for the societal hierarchy of groups, specifically with a structure in which the high-status groups have dominance over the low-status ones. Those with SDO are typically dominant, tough-minded, and driven by self-interest."
"It is a well-known fact that the Republican party, going at least as far back to Richard Nixon’s “southern strategy,” used strategies that appealed to bigotry, such as lacing speeches with “dog whistles”—code words that signaled prejudice toward minorities that were designed to be heard by racists but no one else."
4. Intergroup contact
"Trump’s white supporters have experienced significantly less contact with minorities than other Americans."
5. Relative deprivation
" Relative deprivation refers to the experience of being deprived of something to which one believes they are entitled. It is the discontent felt when one compares their position in life to others who they feel are equal or inferior but have unfairly had more success than them."
The above quotes are taken from an article printed in Psychology Today. Please go here for the complete explanation.